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Cerebellar glia cells induce a correct laminar organization in chicken retinal reaggregates

Willbold, Elmar ; Rothermel, A. ; Huhn, J. ; Reinicke, M. ; Layer, Paul G. :
Cerebellar glia cells induce a correct laminar organization in chicken retinal reaggregates.
In: Cells tissues organs, 169 (2) pp. 104-112.
[Artikel], (2001)

Kurzbeschreibung (Abstract)

We investigated the functional role of glia cells during retinogenesis using the rotation culture system. Reaggregating cells from the embryonic chick retina have the unique capacity to reassemble into laminated cellular spheres. These spheres are composed of several compartments holding the constituents of many retinal layers in a topologically correct, yet inverse orientation. However, when these spheres are cultured in the presence of conditioned media derived from monolayers of cerebellar glia cells, the reassembling retinal cells behave totally differently. The anlage of the originally reversed lamina polarity is progressively transformed within a week into a sphere with a compound and correctly laminated orientation. Conditioned media from fibroblasts, other glia cells (except Müller cells) or a set of already characterized retinogenetic factors are not able to produce this dramatic transformation. Additionally, we were able to show that only retinal cells are able to respond with a reorganization process. Reaggregating cells from the chick cerebellum also form spheroids; however, neither in the presence of cerebellar glia cell-derived conditioned medium nor their control counterparts are they able to reassemble histotypically. This indicates that cerebellar glia cells produce diffusible factors to which retinal cells can respond and that these factors can act as important determinants for the correct establishment of the retinal polarity. Since all types of laminar disorganization are of great clinical significance, the knowledge of factors which determine and sustain the normal retinal architecture are biomedically highly relevant.

Copyright 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Typ des Eintrags: Artikel
Erschienen: 2001
Autor(en): Willbold, Elmar ; Rothermel, A. ; Huhn, J. ; Reinicke, M. ; Layer, Paul G.
Titel: Cerebellar glia cells induce a correct laminar organization in chicken retinal reaggregates
Sprache: Englisch
Kurzbeschreibung (Abstract):

We investigated the functional role of glia cells during retinogenesis using the rotation culture system. Reaggregating cells from the embryonic chick retina have the unique capacity to reassemble into laminated cellular spheres. These spheres are composed of several compartments holding the constituents of many retinal layers in a topologically correct, yet inverse orientation. However, when these spheres are cultured in the presence of conditioned media derived from monolayers of cerebellar glia cells, the reassembling retinal cells behave totally differently. The anlage of the originally reversed lamina polarity is progressively transformed within a week into a sphere with a compound and correctly laminated orientation. Conditioned media from fibroblasts, other glia cells (except Müller cells) or a set of already characterized retinogenetic factors are not able to produce this dramatic transformation. Additionally, we were able to show that only retinal cells are able to respond with a reorganization process. Reaggregating cells from the chick cerebellum also form spheroids; however, neither in the presence of cerebellar glia cell-derived conditioned medium nor their control counterparts are they able to reassemble histotypically. This indicates that cerebellar glia cells produce diffusible factors to which retinal cells can respond and that these factors can act as important determinants for the correct establishment of the retinal polarity. Since all types of laminar disorganization are of great clinical significance, the knowledge of factors which determine and sustain the normal retinal architecture are biomedically highly relevant.

Copyright 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Titel der Zeitschrift, Zeitung oder Schriftenreihe: Cells tissues organs
Band: 169
(Heft-)Nummer: 2
Fachbereich(e)/-gebiet(e): Fachbereich Biologie, Biology
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Fachbereich Biologie, Biology > Entwicklungsbiologie und Neurogenetik, Developmental Biology and Neurogenetics
Hinterlegungsdatum: 19 Nov 2008 16:29
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