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Micro‐/nanostructure evolution of C/SiFeO(N,C) polymer‐derived ceramic papers pyrolyzed in a reactive ammonia atmosphere

Peter, Johannes ; Ott, Alexander ; Riedel, Ralf ; Ionescu, Emanuel ; Kleebe, Hans-Joachim (2022):
Micro‐/nanostructure evolution of C/SiFeO(N,C) polymer‐derived ceramic papers pyrolyzed in a reactive ammonia atmosphere.
In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 105 (3), pp. 2334-2348. Wiley, ISSN 0002-7820, e-ISSN 1551-2916,
DOI: 10.1111/jace.18237,
[Article]

Abstract

SiFeO(N,C)-based ceramic papers were prepared via a one-pot synthesis approach by dip-coating a cellulose-based paper template with a polymeric perhydropolysilazane precursor modified with iron(III)acetylacetonate. The preceramic composites were subsequently pyrolyzed in ammonia atmosphere at 500, 700, and 1000 degrees C, respectively, and the characteristics of the three resulting ceramic papers were comparatively investigated. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that in each sample, the morphology of the template is successfully transferred on the ceramic system, with the cellulose-derived fibers being converted to elemental carbon encased by a SiFeO(N,C) coating. Electron transparent cross-sectional samples for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were prepared from the ceramic papers, employing a standard ultramicrotomy slice cutting procedure, allowing for a detailed characterization of their in situ generated micro-/nanostructure as well as occurring crystalline phases. TEM imaging and diffraction revealed that depending on pyrolysis temperature a different microstructure with a distinct phase assemblage is generated in the polymer-derived ceramic papers. Crystallization from the polymer precursor starts with the precipitation of wustite (Fe(1-x)O) nanoparticles at 700 degrees C inside the ceramic coating and secondary epsilon-FexN at the fiber-coating interface. Upon pyrolysis at 1000 degrees C however, the sample primarily accommodates metallic alpha-iron nanocrystals that impart ferromagnetic characteristics to the ceramic paper. The results show that the template-assisted polymer-derived ceramic route is a feasible approach in the production of complex ceramic compounds with fibrous paper-like morphology. By adjusting the pyrolysis temperature, microstructure and phase composition of the ceramic paper can be conveniently tailored to the needs of its respective application.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2022
Creators: Peter, Johannes ; Ott, Alexander ; Riedel, Ralf ; Ionescu, Emanuel ; Kleebe, Hans-Joachim
Title: Micro‐/nanostructure evolution of C/SiFeO(N,C) polymer‐derived ceramic papers pyrolyzed in a reactive ammonia atmosphere
Language: English
Abstract:

SiFeO(N,C)-based ceramic papers were prepared via a one-pot synthesis approach by dip-coating a cellulose-based paper template with a polymeric perhydropolysilazane precursor modified with iron(III)acetylacetonate. The preceramic composites were subsequently pyrolyzed in ammonia atmosphere at 500, 700, and 1000 degrees C, respectively, and the characteristics of the three resulting ceramic papers were comparatively investigated. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that in each sample, the morphology of the template is successfully transferred on the ceramic system, with the cellulose-derived fibers being converted to elemental carbon encased by a SiFeO(N,C) coating. Electron transparent cross-sectional samples for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were prepared from the ceramic papers, employing a standard ultramicrotomy slice cutting procedure, allowing for a detailed characterization of their in situ generated micro-/nanostructure as well as occurring crystalline phases. TEM imaging and diffraction revealed that depending on pyrolysis temperature a different microstructure with a distinct phase assemblage is generated in the polymer-derived ceramic papers. Crystallization from the polymer precursor starts with the precipitation of wustite (Fe(1-x)O) nanoparticles at 700 degrees C inside the ceramic coating and secondary epsilon-FexN at the fiber-coating interface. Upon pyrolysis at 1000 degrees C however, the sample primarily accommodates metallic alpha-iron nanocrystals that impart ferromagnetic characteristics to the ceramic paper. The results show that the template-assisted polymer-derived ceramic route is a feasible approach in the production of complex ceramic compounds with fibrous paper-like morphology. By adjusting the pyrolysis temperature, microstructure and phase composition of the ceramic paper can be conveniently tailored to the needs of its respective application.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Journal volume: 105
Number: 3
Publisher: Wiley
Uncontrolled Keywords: nanocomposites, polymer precursor, pyrolysis, transmission electron microscopy, carbon, IRON NITRIDE; SIC CERAMICS; CARBON; CARBIDE; ULTRAMICROTOMY; FABRICATION; PRECURSORS; CONVERSION; REDUCTION; MECHANISM
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science > Geo-Material-Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Dispersive Solids
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2022 06:43
DOI: 10.1111/jace.18237
Official URL: https://ceramics.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jace.18...
Additional Information:

German Research Foundation (DFG), Grant No. 411442613

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