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Towards Resilient Critical Infrastructures – Motivating Users to Contribute to Smart Grid Resilience

Egert, Rolf ; Gerber, Nina ; Haunschild, Jasmin ; Kuehn, Philipp ; Zimmermann, Verena (2021):
Towards Resilient Critical Infrastructures – Motivating Users to Contribute to Smart Grid Resilience.
In: i-com: Journal of Interactive Media, 20 (2), pp. 161-175. de Gruyter Oldenbourg, ISSN 2196-6826,
DOI: 10.1515/icom-2021-0021,
[Article]

Abstract

Smart cities aim at improving efficiency while providing safety and security by merging conventional infrastructures with information and communication technology. One strategy for mitigating hazardous situations and improving the overall resilience of the system is to involve citizens. For instance, smart grids involve prosumers—capable of producing and consuming electricity—who can adjust their electricity profile dynamically (i. e., decrease or increase electricity consumption), or use their local production to supply electricity to the grid. This mitigates the impact of peak consumption periods on the grid and makes it easier for operators to control the grid. This involvement of prosumers is accompanied by numerous socio-technical challenges, including motivating citizens to contribute by adjusting their electricity consumption to the requirements of the energy grid. Towards this end, this work investigates motivational strategies and tools, including nudging, persuasive technologies, and incentives, that can be leveraged to increase the motivation of citizens. We discuss long-term and side effects and ethical and privacy considerations, before portraying bug bounty programs, gamification and apps as technologies and strategies to communicate the motivational strategies to citizens.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2021
Creators: Egert, Rolf ; Gerber, Nina ; Haunschild, Jasmin ; Kuehn, Philipp ; Zimmermann, Verena
Title: Towards Resilient Critical Infrastructures – Motivating Users to Contribute to Smart Grid Resilience
Language: English
Abstract:

Smart cities aim at improving efficiency while providing safety and security by merging conventional infrastructures with information and communication technology. One strategy for mitigating hazardous situations and improving the overall resilience of the system is to involve citizens. For instance, smart grids involve prosumers—capable of producing and consuming electricity—who can adjust their electricity profile dynamically (i. e., decrease or increase electricity consumption), or use their local production to supply electricity to the grid. This mitigates the impact of peak consumption periods on the grid and makes it easier for operators to control the grid. This involvement of prosumers is accompanied by numerous socio-technical challenges, including motivating citizens to contribute by adjusting their electricity consumption to the requirements of the energy grid. Towards this end, this work investigates motivational strategies and tools, including nudging, persuasive technologies, and incentives, that can be leveraged to increase the motivation of citizens. We discuss long-term and side effects and ethical and privacy considerations, before portraying bug bounty programs, gamification and apps as technologies and strategies to communicate the motivational strategies to citizens.

Journal or Publication Title: i-com: Journal of Interactive Media
Journal volume: 20
Number: 2
Publisher: de Gruyter Oldenbourg
Divisions: 20 Department of Computer Science
20 Department of Computer Science > Telecooperation
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2021 16:50
DOI: 10.1515/icom-2021-0021
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