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Design and Qualification of Pr-Fe-Cu-B Alloys for the Additive Manufacturing of Permanent Magnets

Schäfer, Lukas ; Skokov, Konstantin ; Liu, Jianing ; Maccari, Fernando ; Braun, Tobias ; Riegg, Stefan ; Radulov, Iliya ; Gassmann, Jürgen ; Merschroth, Holger ; Harbig, Jana ; Weigold, Matthias ; Gutfleisch, Oliver (2021):
Design and Qualification of Pr-Fe-Cu-B Alloys for the Additive Manufacturing of Permanent Magnets.
In: Advanced Functional Materials, 11, pp. 1-8. Wiley-VCH, ISSN 1616-301X,
DOI: 10.1002/adfm.202102148,
[Article]

Abstract

The direct use of an advanced binder-free additive manufacturing technique, namely laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF), does not easily allow obtaining variously shaped, fully dense Nd-Fe-B magnets with high coercivity. The process inherently leads to the re-melting of the powder and appearance/ disappearance of undesired/desired microstructural features responsible for low and large coercivity. In this work, the development of a useful microstructure responsible for high coercivity in Pr21Fe73.5Cu2B3.5 and Nd21Fe73.5Cu2B3.5 alloys and a possible way to produce fully dense permanent magnets via additive manufacturing processes is demonstrated using: (i) suction casting technique, which provides a high cooling rate and thus similar microstructures as in L-PBF but requires only very small amounts of powder; (ii) conventional L-PBF processing using kg of powder, and (iii) a subsequent annealing treatment that is similar to a conventional sintering treatment. The subsequent heat treatment is necessary to develop high coercivity by forming a novel microstructure: hard magnetic (Nd,Pr)2Fe14B grains embedded in a matrix of intermetallic (Nd,Pr)6Fe13Cu phase. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that Pr21Fe73.5Cu2B3.5 exhibits a higher coercivity than Nd21Fe73.5Cu2B3.5 because of a finer and more homogeneous grain size distribution of the Pr2Fe14B phase. The final L-PBF printed Pr21Fe73.5Cu2B3.5 samples provide a coercivity of 0.75 T.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2021
Creators: Schäfer, Lukas ; Skokov, Konstantin ; Liu, Jianing ; Maccari, Fernando ; Braun, Tobias ; Riegg, Stefan ; Radulov, Iliya ; Gassmann, Jürgen ; Merschroth, Holger ; Harbig, Jana ; Weigold, Matthias ; Gutfleisch, Oliver
Title: Design and Qualification of Pr-Fe-Cu-B Alloys for the Additive Manufacturing of Permanent Magnets
Language: English
Abstract:

The direct use of an advanced binder-free additive manufacturing technique, namely laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF), does not easily allow obtaining variously shaped, fully dense Nd-Fe-B magnets with high coercivity. The process inherently leads to the re-melting of the powder and appearance/ disappearance of undesired/desired microstructural features responsible for low and large coercivity. In this work, the development of a useful microstructure responsible for high coercivity in Pr21Fe73.5Cu2B3.5 and Nd21Fe73.5Cu2B3.5 alloys and a possible way to produce fully dense permanent magnets via additive manufacturing processes is demonstrated using: (i) suction casting technique, which provides a high cooling rate and thus similar microstructures as in L-PBF but requires only very small amounts of powder; (ii) conventional L-PBF processing using kg of powder, and (iii) a subsequent annealing treatment that is similar to a conventional sintering treatment. The subsequent heat treatment is necessary to develop high coercivity by forming a novel microstructure: hard magnetic (Nd,Pr)2Fe14B grains embedded in a matrix of intermetallic (Nd,Pr)6Fe13Cu phase. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that Pr21Fe73.5Cu2B3.5 exhibits a higher coercivity than Nd21Fe73.5Cu2B3.5 because of a finer and more homogeneous grain size distribution of the Pr2Fe14B phase. The final L-PBF printed Pr21Fe73.5Cu2B3.5 samples provide a coercivity of 0.75 T.

Journal or Publication Title: Advanced Functional Materials
Journal volume: 11
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
Divisions: 16 Department of Mechanical Engineering
16 Department of Mechanical Engineering > Institute of Production Technology and Machine Tools (PTW)
16 Department of Mechanical Engineering > Institute of Production Technology and Machine Tools (PTW) > TEC Manufacturing Technology
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2021 05:19
DOI: 10.1002/adfm.202102148
Additional Information:

Artikel-Nr.: 2102148

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