TU Darmstadt / ULB / TUbiblio

Carbohydrate binding module-fused antibodies improve the performance of cellulose-based lateral flow immunoassays.

Elter, Adrian ; Bock, Tina ; Spiehl, Dieter ; Russo, Giulio ; Hinz, Steffen C. ; Bitsch, Sebastian ; Baum, Eva ; Langhans, Markus ; Meckel, Tobias ; Dörsam, Edgar ; Kolmar, Harald ; Schwall, Gerhard (2021):
Carbohydrate binding module-fused antibodies improve the performance of cellulose-based lateral flow immunoassays.
In: Scientific reports, 11 (1), p. 7880. ISSN 2045-2322,
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-87072-7,
[Article]

Abstract

Since the pandemic outbreak of Covid-19 in December 2019, several lateral flow assay (LFA) devices were developed to enable the constant monitoring of regional and global infection processes. Additionally, innumerable lateral flow test devices are frequently used for determination of different clinical parameters, food safety, and environmental factors. Since common LFAs rely on non-biodegradable nitrocellulose membranes, we focused on their replacement by cellulose-composed, biodegradable papers. We report the development of cellulose paper-based lateral flow immunoassays using a carbohydrate-binding module-fused to detection antibodies. Studies regarding the protein binding capacity and potential protein wash-off effects on cellulose paper demonstrated a 2.7-fold protein binding capacity of CBM-fused antibody fragments compared to the sole antibody fragment. Furthermore, this strategy improved the spatial retention of CBM-fused detection antibodies to the test area, which resulted in an enhanced sensitivity and improved overall LFA-performance compared to the naked detection antibody. CBM-assisted antibodies were validated by implementation into two model lateral flow test devices (pregnancy detection and the detection of SARS-CoV-2 specific antibodies). The CBM-assisted pregnancy LFA demonstrated sensitive detection of human gonadotropin (hCG) in synthetic urine and the CBM-assisted Covid-19 antibody LFA was able to detect SARS-CoV-2 specific antibodies present in serum. Our findings pave the way to the more frequent use of cellulose-based papers instead of nitrocellulose in LFA devices and thus potentially improve the sustainability in the field of POC diagnostics.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2021
Creators: Elter, Adrian ; Bock, Tina ; Spiehl, Dieter ; Russo, Giulio ; Hinz, Steffen C. ; Bitsch, Sebastian ; Baum, Eva ; Langhans, Markus ; Meckel, Tobias ; Dörsam, Edgar ; Kolmar, Harald ; Schwall, Gerhard
Title: Carbohydrate binding module-fused antibodies improve the performance of cellulose-based lateral flow immunoassays.
Language: English
Abstract:

Since the pandemic outbreak of Covid-19 in December 2019, several lateral flow assay (LFA) devices were developed to enable the constant monitoring of regional and global infection processes. Additionally, innumerable lateral flow test devices are frequently used for determination of different clinical parameters, food safety, and environmental factors. Since common LFAs rely on non-biodegradable nitrocellulose membranes, we focused on their replacement by cellulose-composed, biodegradable papers. We report the development of cellulose paper-based lateral flow immunoassays using a carbohydrate-binding module-fused to detection antibodies. Studies regarding the protein binding capacity and potential protein wash-off effects on cellulose paper demonstrated a 2.7-fold protein binding capacity of CBM-fused antibody fragments compared to the sole antibody fragment. Furthermore, this strategy improved the spatial retention of CBM-fused detection antibodies to the test area, which resulted in an enhanced sensitivity and improved overall LFA-performance compared to the naked detection antibody. CBM-assisted antibodies were validated by implementation into two model lateral flow test devices (pregnancy detection and the detection of SARS-CoV-2 specific antibodies). The CBM-assisted pregnancy LFA demonstrated sensitive detection of human gonadotropin (hCG) in synthetic urine and the CBM-assisted Covid-19 antibody LFA was able to detect SARS-CoV-2 specific antibodies present in serum. Our findings pave the way to the more frequent use of cellulose-based papers instead of nitrocellulose in LFA devices and thus potentially improve the sustainability in the field of POC diagnostics.

Journal or Publication Title: Scientific reports
Journal volume: 11
Number: 1
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Membrane Dynamics
16 Department of Mechanical Engineering
16 Department of Mechanical Engineering > Institute of Printing Science and Technology (IDD)
07 Department of Chemistry
07 Department of Chemistry > Fachgebiet Biochemie
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2021 12:57
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-87072-7
Identification Number: pmid:33846482
Export:
Suche nach Titel in: TUfind oder in Google
Send an inquiry Send an inquiry

Options (only for editors)
Show editorial Details Show editorial Details