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What defines a synthetic riboswitch? - Conformational dynamics of ciprofloxacin aptamers with similar binding affinities but varying regulatory potentials.

Kaiser, Christoph ; Schneider, Jeannine ; Groher, Florian ; Suess, Beatrix ; Wachtveitl, Josef (2021):
What defines a synthetic riboswitch? - Conformational dynamics of ciprofloxacin aptamers with similar binding affinities but varying regulatory potentials.
In: Nucleic acids research, 49 (7), pp. 3661-3671. ISSN 1362-4962,
DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkab166,
[Article]

Abstract

Among the many in vitro-selected aptamers derived from SELEX protocols, only a small fraction has the potential to be applied for synthetic riboswitch engineering. Here, we present a comparative study of the binding properties of three different aptamers that bind to ciprofloxacin with similar KD values, yet only two of them can be applied as riboswitches. We used the inherent ligand fluorescence that is quenched upon binding as the reporter signal in fluorescence titration and in time-resolved stopped-flow experiments. Thus, we were able to demonstrate differences in the binding kinetics of regulating and non-regulating aptamers. All aptamers studied underwent a two-step binding mechanism that suggests an initial association step followed by a reorganization of the aptamer to accommodate the ligand. We show that increasing regulatory potential is correlated with a decreasing back-reaction rate of the second binding step, thus resulting in a virtually irreversible last binding step of regulating aptamers. We suggest that a highly favoured structural adaption of the RNA to the ligand during the final binding step is essential for turning an aptamer into a riboswitch. In addition, our results provide an explanation for the fact that so few aptamers with regulating capacity have been found to date. Based on our data, we propose an adjustment of the selection protocol for efficient riboswitch detection.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2021
Creators: Kaiser, Christoph ; Schneider, Jeannine ; Groher, Florian ; Suess, Beatrix ; Wachtveitl, Josef
Title: What defines a synthetic riboswitch? - Conformational dynamics of ciprofloxacin aptamers with similar binding affinities but varying regulatory potentials.
Language: English
Abstract:

Among the many in vitro-selected aptamers derived from SELEX protocols, only a small fraction has the potential to be applied for synthetic riboswitch engineering. Here, we present a comparative study of the binding properties of three different aptamers that bind to ciprofloxacin with similar KD values, yet only two of them can be applied as riboswitches. We used the inherent ligand fluorescence that is quenched upon binding as the reporter signal in fluorescence titration and in time-resolved stopped-flow experiments. Thus, we were able to demonstrate differences in the binding kinetics of regulating and non-regulating aptamers. All aptamers studied underwent a two-step binding mechanism that suggests an initial association step followed by a reorganization of the aptamer to accommodate the ligand. We show that increasing regulatory potential is correlated with a decreasing back-reaction rate of the second binding step, thus resulting in a virtually irreversible last binding step of regulating aptamers. We suggest that a highly favoured structural adaption of the RNA to the ligand during the final binding step is essential for turning an aptamer into a riboswitch. In addition, our results provide an explanation for the fact that so few aptamers with regulating capacity have been found to date. Based on our data, we propose an adjustment of the selection protocol for efficient riboswitch detection.

Journal or Publication Title: Nucleic acids research
Journal volume: 49
Number: 7
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Synthetic Genetic Circuits
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2021 11:59
DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkab166
Identification Number: pmid:33772594
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