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A fully coupled numerical model for deposit formation from evaporating urea-water drops

Bender, Achim and Stephan, Peter and Gambaryan-Roisman, Tatiana (2020):
A fully coupled numerical model for deposit formation from evaporating urea-water drops.
In: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 159, p. 120069. Elsevier, ISSN 00179310, e-ISSN 18792189,
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2020.120069,
[Article]

Abstract

Evaporation and deposit formation of a pinned urea-water drop on an initially smooth surface is modeled. Water evaporates from the two-component drop into the surrounding gas phase. This leads to an increase of the urea concentration inside the drop. At the three-phase contact line, high evaporation rates lead to a maximum of the urea concentration. As a result, heterogeneous nucleation and growth of urea crystals takes place in the vicinity of the three-phase contact line. The model resolves the deformation of the liquid-gas interface using a moving mesh and an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian method (ALE). The deposit shape and the influence of the deposit on the transport processes in the drop are accounted for. The drop evaporation agrees quantitatively with a correlation, and the deposit shape matches qualitatively with experimental investigations from the literature. A parametric study reveals that the wall temperature, initial drop composition, and drop radius influence the deposit formation process. The time instant of deposit nucleation and the deposit shape depend on the choice of these parameters. A characteristic time scale is identified and a correlation to predict the beginning of deposit formation is derived. Once the deposit formation has started, the deposit growth rate increases with time. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2020
Creators: Bender, Achim and Stephan, Peter and Gambaryan-Roisman, Tatiana
Title: A fully coupled numerical model for deposit formation from evaporating urea-water drops
Language: English
Abstract:

Evaporation and deposit formation of a pinned urea-water drop on an initially smooth surface is modeled. Water evaporates from the two-component drop into the surrounding gas phase. This leads to an increase of the urea concentration inside the drop. At the three-phase contact line, high evaporation rates lead to a maximum of the urea concentration. As a result, heterogeneous nucleation and growth of urea crystals takes place in the vicinity of the three-phase contact line. The model resolves the deformation of the liquid-gas interface using a moving mesh and an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian method (ALE). The deposit shape and the influence of the deposit on the transport processes in the drop are accounted for. The drop evaporation agrees quantitatively with a correlation, and the deposit shape matches qualitatively with experimental investigations from the literature. A parametric study reveals that the wall temperature, initial drop composition, and drop radius influence the deposit formation process. The time instant of deposit nucleation and the deposit shape depend on the choice of these parameters. A characteristic time scale is identified and a correlation to predict the beginning of deposit formation is derived. Once the deposit formation has started, the deposit growth rate increases with time. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Journal volume: 159
Publisher: Elsevier
Uncontrolled Keywords: Deposit formation; Drop evaporation; Phase change; Crystallization; Heat transfer; Urea-water solution
Divisions: 16 Department of Mechanical Engineering
16 Department of Mechanical Engineering > Institute for Technical Thermodynamics (TTD)
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio)
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Transregios
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Transregios > TRR 150 Turbulent chemisch reagierende Mehrphasenströmungen in Wandnähe
Profile Areas
Profile Areas > Thermo-Fluids & Interfaces
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2020 06:13
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2020.120069
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