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Chapter Four - Recent NMR/MRI studies of biofilm structures and dynamics

Herrling, Maria Pia and Lackner, Susanne and Nirschl, Hermann and Horn, Harald and Guthausen, Gisela
Webb, Graham A. (ed.) (2019):
Chapter Four - Recent NMR/MRI studies of biofilm structures and dynamics.
In: Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy, Academic Press, pp. 163-213, [Online-Edition: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0066410319...],
[Book Section]

Abstract

Biofilm systems consist of complex microbial communities embedded in hydrated bio-macromolecules. These biological systems have been studied by diverse analytical techniques, among them by nuclear magnetic resonance and imaging. There are still open questions regarding structure and functionality. In this review, nuclear magnetic resonance approaches, especially in form of magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion modalities, are summarized with respect to insights into biofilm structure, diffusion and advection, i.e. mass transport. Furthermore, possibilities and limitations regarding metabolomics are recapitulated and analysed with respect to open research questions. Perspectives for biofilm research will be discussed from the point of view of current technical and methodical developments of nuclear magnetic resonance. The impact of the named nuclear magnetic resonance techniques will be reflected in the context of water treatment and biofilm development in porous media as well as in technical applications such as biofilm reactors and biofiltration.

Item Type: Book Section
Erschienen: 2019
Editors: Webb, Graham A.
Creators: Herrling, Maria Pia and Lackner, Susanne and Nirschl, Hermann and Horn, Harald and Guthausen, Gisela
Title: Chapter Four - Recent NMR/MRI studies of biofilm structures and dynamics
Language: German
Abstract:

Biofilm systems consist of complex microbial communities embedded in hydrated bio-macromolecules. These biological systems have been studied by diverse analytical techniques, among them by nuclear magnetic resonance and imaging. There are still open questions regarding structure and functionality. In this review, nuclear magnetic resonance approaches, especially in form of magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion modalities, are summarized with respect to insights into biofilm structure, diffusion and advection, i.e. mass transport. Furthermore, possibilities and limitations regarding metabolomics are recapitulated and analysed with respect to open research questions. Perspectives for biofilm research will be discussed from the point of view of current technical and methodical developments of nuclear magnetic resonance. The impact of the named nuclear magnetic resonance techniques will be reflected in the context of water treatment and biofilm development in porous media as well as in technical applications such as biofilm reactors and biofiltration.

Title of Book: Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy
Volume: 97
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0066-4103
Uncontrolled Keywords: NMR MRI Biofilm Biochemical processes Mass transport Diffusion
Divisions: 13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institute IWAR
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institute IWAR > Wastewater Engineering
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2019 06:59
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0066410319...
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