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Size distributions of slums across the globe using different data and classification methods

Friesen, John and Taubenböck, Hannes and Wurm, Michael and Pelz, Peter F. (2019):
Size distributions of slums across the globe using different data and classification methods.
In: European Journal of Remote Sensing, Taylor & Francis, pp. 1-13, ISSN 2279-7254, DOI: 10.1080/22797254.2019.1579617, [Online-Edition: https://doi.org/10.1080/22797254.2019.1579617],
[Article]

Abstract

More than 900 million people worldwide live in slums. These slums mainly can be found in cities of the global south and are characterized by poor living conditions and usually insufficient access to basic infrastructure such as water or energy. In order to improve the living conditions of slum inhabitants, information about the number, location and size of the slums is required to plan supply infrastructure. We therefore identify morphological slums in eight different cities in Africa, South America and Asia, using remote sensing data and analyse their size distributions. We show that 84.6% of all observed morphological slums have a size between 0.001 and 0.1 km2. These results rely on a consistent approach using a clear ontology and conceptual frame for classification. However, classification methods for these underserved areas differ. We show slum classifications based on different methods reveal a strong dependency between the particular method and the resulting size distribution. The study shows the relevance of remote sensing for the investigation of slums and the results can be used for infrastructure planning, as infrastructure improvement projects are often limited to the large known slums. Whereas, the large number of small slums distributed across the city is often neglected.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2019
Creators: Friesen, John and Taubenböck, Hannes and Wurm, Michael and Pelz, Peter F.
Title: Size distributions of slums across the globe using different data and classification methods
Language: English
Abstract:

More than 900 million people worldwide live in slums. These slums mainly can be found in cities of the global south and are characterized by poor living conditions and usually insufficient access to basic infrastructure such as water or energy. In order to improve the living conditions of slum inhabitants, information about the number, location and size of the slums is required to plan supply infrastructure. We therefore identify morphological slums in eight different cities in Africa, South America and Asia, using remote sensing data and analyse their size distributions. We show that 84.6% of all observed morphological slums have a size between 0.001 and 0.1 km2. These results rely on a consistent approach using a clear ontology and conceptual frame for classification. However, classification methods for these underserved areas differ. We show slum classifications based on different methods reveal a strong dependency between the particular method and the resulting size distribution. The study shows the relevance of remote sensing for the investigation of slums and the results can be used for infrastructure planning, as infrastructure improvement projects are often limited to the large known slums. Whereas, the large number of small slums distributed across the city is often neglected.

Journal or Publication Title: European Journal of Remote Sensing
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Divisions: 16 Department of Mechanical Engineering
16 Department of Mechanical Engineering > Institute for Fluid Systems (FST)
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2019 19:55
DOI: 10.1080/22797254.2019.1579617
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/22797254.2019.1579617
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-86395
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