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Investigation of chemical looping combustion of natural gas at 1 MWth scale

Ohlemüller, Peter and Reitz, Michael and Ströhle, Jochen and Epple, Bernd (2019):
Investigation of chemical looping combustion of natural gas at 1 MWth scale.
In: Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, pp. 4353-4360, 37, (4), ISSN 15407489, DOI: 10.1016/j.proci.2018.07.035, [Online-Edition: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2018.07.035],
[Article]

Abstract

Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is an advanced oxyfuel process that enables CO2 capture with low efficiency penalty. CLC of gaseous fuels has successfully been demonstrated in several pilots up to 150 kWth. Numerous oxygen carriers have been tested regarding fuel conversion performance and lifetime. This work is a scale-up study of gaseous fuel CLC to MWth scale. A Ca-Mn-based oxygen carrier has been developed and manufactured in ton-scale prior to the present test. Investigations were conducted in a 1 MWth CLC unit that was adapted to utilize natural gas as fuel. Stable CLC conditions were reached during tests with Ca-Mn-based material, and the transition to operation with ilmenite was studied. The fuel conversion was in the range of 80%. During operation, 99% of the unburned methane was converted in the post oxidation chamber. The solids circulation rate and the lifetime of solids were determined by means of solids samples from the process, which were investigated in terms of attrition and degree of oxidation. The solids circulation rate was 17 tons h−1 MW−1 which is higher than in former tests but lower compared to other units. The most important limiting factors of the fuel conversion are the low solids inventory of the fuel reactor and the oxygen carrier to fuel ratio that corresponds to the solids circulation.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2019
Creators: Ohlemüller, Peter and Reitz, Michael and Ströhle, Jochen and Epple, Bernd
Title: Investigation of chemical looping combustion of natural gas at 1 MWth scale
Language: English
Abstract:

Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is an advanced oxyfuel process that enables CO2 capture with low efficiency penalty. CLC of gaseous fuels has successfully been demonstrated in several pilots up to 150 kWth. Numerous oxygen carriers have been tested regarding fuel conversion performance and lifetime. This work is a scale-up study of gaseous fuel CLC to MWth scale. A Ca-Mn-based oxygen carrier has been developed and manufactured in ton-scale prior to the present test. Investigations were conducted in a 1 MWth CLC unit that was adapted to utilize natural gas as fuel. Stable CLC conditions were reached during tests with Ca-Mn-based material, and the transition to operation with ilmenite was studied. The fuel conversion was in the range of 80%. During operation, 99% of the unburned methane was converted in the post oxidation chamber. The solids circulation rate and the lifetime of solids were determined by means of solids samples from the process, which were investigated in terms of attrition and degree of oxidation. The solids circulation rate was 17 tons h−1 MW−1 which is higher than in former tests but lower compared to other units. The most important limiting factors of the fuel conversion are the low solids inventory of the fuel reactor and the oxygen carrier to fuel ratio that corresponds to the solids circulation.

Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of the Combustion Institute
Volume: 37
Number: 4
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chemical looping combustion, Oxygen carrier, Natural gas, Gaseous fuel, CO2 capture
Divisions: 16 Department of Mechanical Engineering
16 Department of Mechanical Engineering > Institut für Energiesysteme und Energietechnik (EST)
Profile Areas
Profile Areas > Thermo-Fluids & Interfaces
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2019 14:03
DOI: 10.1016/j.proci.2018.07.035
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2018.07.035
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