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Stress relaxation in tempered glass caused by heat soak testing

Schneider, Jens and Aronen, A. and Hilcken, J. and NIelsen, J. and Karvinen, R. and Olesen, J.F. (2016):
Stress relaxation in tempered glass caused by heat soak testing.
In: Engineering Structures, (122), Elsevier, pp. 42-49, ISSN 0141-0296, DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2016.04.024.,
[Online-Edition: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0141029616...],
[Article]

Abstract

Heat soak testing of tempered glass is a thermal process required after the tempering process itself to bring glasses of commercial soda-lime-silica-glass to failure that are contaminated with nickel sulphide inclusions, diameter 50 mm to 500 mm typically. Thus, the tests avoid a so-called “spontaneous” breakage of the glass in building elements at ambient temperatures months or years later. According to industry standards, the duration of the tests typically differs between 1 h and 4 h at temperatures of 290 ± 10 °C. Although this temperature is well below the transformation temperature of commercial soda-lime-silica glass, it causes stress relaxation in tempered glass and the fracture pattern of the glass changes accordingly, especially thin glasses are affected. Based on the Tool-Narayanaswamy-Model, this paper comprises the theoretical background of the stress-relaxation-process and the results of a parameter study for its most influential technical parameters. Results are compared to photoelastic measurements of temper stresses and fracture patterns of tempered glass before and after a heat treatment similar to heat soak testing.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2016
Creators: Schneider, Jens and Aronen, A. and Hilcken, J. and NIelsen, J. and Karvinen, R. and Olesen, J.F.
Title: Stress relaxation in tempered glass caused by heat soak testing
Language: English
Abstract:

Heat soak testing of tempered glass is a thermal process required after the tempering process itself to bring glasses of commercial soda-lime-silica-glass to failure that are contaminated with nickel sulphide inclusions, diameter 50 mm to 500 mm typically. Thus, the tests avoid a so-called “spontaneous” breakage of the glass in building elements at ambient temperatures months or years later. According to industry standards, the duration of the tests typically differs between 1 h and 4 h at temperatures of 290 ± 10 °C. Although this temperature is well below the transformation temperature of commercial soda-lime-silica glass, it causes stress relaxation in tempered glass and the fracture pattern of the glass changes accordingly, especially thin glasses are affected. Based on the Tool-Narayanaswamy-Model, this paper comprises the theoretical background of the stress-relaxation-process and the results of a parameter study for its most influential technical parameters. Results are compared to photoelastic measurements of temper stresses and fracture patterns of tempered glass before and after a heat treatment similar to heat soak testing.

Journal or Publication Title: Engineering Structures
Number: 122
Publisher: Elsevier
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tempered glass, Heat soak test, Stress relaxation, Tool-Narayanaswamy-Model, Fracture pattern, Photoelastic measurements
Divisions: 13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institute für Structural Mechanics and Design
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institute für Structural Mechanics and Design > Structural Engineering
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2019 13:27
DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2016.04.024.
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0141029616...
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