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Maintaining both availability and integrity of communications: Challenges and guidelines for data security and privacy during disasters and crises

Álvarez, Flor and Gardner-Stephen, Paul and Hollick, Matthias (2016):
Maintaining both availability and integrity of communications: Challenges and guidelines for data security and privacy during disasters and crises.
In: Proceedings 6th IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC), IEEE, Seattle, WA, USA, Oct 17, 2019 - Oct 20, 2019, DOI: 10.1109/GHTC.2016.7857261,
[Online-Edition: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/7857261],
[Conference or Workshop Item]

Abstract

Communications play a vital role in the response to disasters and crises. However, existing communications infrastructure is often impaired, destroyed or overwhelmed during such events. This leads to the use of substitute communications solutions including analog two-way radio or unsecured internet access. Often provided by unknown third parties, these solutions may have less sophisticated security characteristics than is desirable. While substitute communications are often invaluable, care is required to minimize the risk to NGOs and individuals stemming from the use of communications channels with reduced or unknown security properties. This is particularly true if private information is involved, including the location and disposition of individuals and first responders. In this work we enumerate the principal risks and challenges that may arise, and provide practical guidelines for mitigating them during crises. We take plausible threats from contemporary disaster and crisis events into account and discuss the security and privacy features of state-of-the-art communications mechanisms.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Erschienen: 2016
Creators: Álvarez, Flor and Gardner-Stephen, Paul and Hollick, Matthias
Title: Maintaining both availability and integrity of communications: Challenges and guidelines for data security and privacy during disasters and crises
Language: English
Abstract:

Communications play a vital role in the response to disasters and crises. However, existing communications infrastructure is often impaired, destroyed or overwhelmed during such events. This leads to the use of substitute communications solutions including analog two-way radio or unsecured internet access. Often provided by unknown third parties, these solutions may have less sophisticated security characteristics than is desirable. While substitute communications are often invaluable, care is required to minimize the risk to NGOs and individuals stemming from the use of communications channels with reduced or unknown security properties. This is particularly true if private information is involved, including the location and disposition of individuals and first responders. In this work we enumerate the principal risks and challenges that may arise, and provide practical guidelines for mitigating them during crises. We take plausible threats from contemporary disaster and crisis events into account and discuss the security and privacy features of state-of-the-art communications mechanisms.

Title of Book: Proceedings 6th IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC)
Publisher: IEEE
Divisions: 20 Department of Computer Science
20 Department of Computer Science > Sichere Mobile Netze
20 Department of Computer Science > Security, Usability and Society
Event Location: Seattle, WA, USA
Event Dates: Oct 17, 2019 - Oct 20, 2019
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2019 11:05
DOI: 10.1109/GHTC.2016.7857261
Official URL: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/7857261
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