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Soft chemical polishing and surface analysis of niobium samples

Conrad, J. and Alff, L. and Arnold, M. and Flege, S. and Grewe, R. and Hug, F. and Major, M. and Pietralla, N. (2018):
Soft chemical polishing and surface analysis of niobium samples.
In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, IOP Publishing Ltd, pp. 082009, 1067, ISSN 1742-6588, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1067/8/082009, [Online-Edition: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1067/8/082009],
[Article]

Abstract

The Superconducting Darmstadt Linear Accelerator S-DALINAC uses twelve Niobium Cavities with a RRR of 280-300 which are operated at 2 K. The operating frequency is 3 GHz; the design value of the accelerating gradient is 5 MV/m. To achieve the target value of 3 centerdot 109 for the unloaded quality factor Q0, different surface preparation methods were applied and systematically tested using a vertical 2 K cryostat. A well-established technique is the so called Darmstadt Soft Chemical Polishing, which consists of an ultrasonic cleaning of the cavity with ultrapure water (UPW) followed by oxidizing the inner surface with nitric acid (65% HNO3). After rinsing with UPW again, the niobium oxide layer is removed with hydrofluoric acid (40% HF) in a separate second step. Finally, the structure is rinsed with UPW and then dried by a nitrogen flow. Until now each cavity in operation was chemically treated with a proven record of success. In order to understand and to optimize the process on the niobium surface, systematic tests with samples were performed. The samples were analyzed using material science techniques like Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX). This paper will report on the results of our research and we will give a review on our experiences with varied chemical procedures.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2018
Creators: Conrad, J. and Alff, L. and Arnold, M. and Flege, S. and Grewe, R. and Hug, F. and Major, M. and Pietralla, N.
Title: Soft chemical polishing and surface analysis of niobium samples
Language: English
Abstract:

The Superconducting Darmstadt Linear Accelerator S-DALINAC uses twelve Niobium Cavities with a RRR of 280-300 which are operated at 2 K. The operating frequency is 3 GHz; the design value of the accelerating gradient is 5 MV/m. To achieve the target value of 3 centerdot 109 for the unloaded quality factor Q0, different surface preparation methods were applied and systematically tested using a vertical 2 K cryostat. A well-established technique is the so called Darmstadt Soft Chemical Polishing, which consists of an ultrasonic cleaning of the cavity with ultrapure water (UPW) followed by oxidizing the inner surface with nitric acid (65% HNO3). After rinsing with UPW again, the niobium oxide layer is removed with hydrofluoric acid (40% HF) in a separate second step. Finally, the structure is rinsed with UPW and then dried by a nitrogen flow. Until now each cavity in operation was chemically treated with a proven record of success. In order to understand and to optimize the process on the niobium surface, systematic tests with samples were performed. The samples were analyzed using material science techniques like Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX). This paper will report on the results of our research and we will give a review on our experiences with varied chemical procedures.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume: 1067
Publisher: IOP Publishing Ltd
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Advanced Thin Film Technology
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Material Analytics
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2018 13:12
DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1067/8/082009
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1067/8/082009
Funders: This work was supported by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) under Grant No. 05H15RDRBA.
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