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Comparison of spiking and dialysis tubing methods for the determination of sorption capacity and plastic-water partition coefficient of three different polycyclic hydrocarbons on microsplastic

Gottschling, Michael and Zhou, Y. and Schwabe, I. and Sakaguchi-Söder, Kaori and van Oyen, A. and Schebek, Liselotte :
Comparison of spiking and dialysis tubing methods for the determination of sorption capacity and plastic-water partition coefficient of three different polycyclic hydrocarbons on microsplastic.
In: SETAC, Rom. Rom
[Conference or Workshop Item] , (2018)

Abstract

TH029 Comparison of spiking and dialysis tubing methods for the determination of sorption capacity and plastic-water partition coefficient of three different polycyclic hydrocarbons on microplastics M. Gottschling, Y. Zhou, I. Schwabe, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt / Institute IWAR Chair of Material Flow Management and Resource Economy Germany; A. van Oyen, Plastic Partner GmbH; L. Schebek, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt / Institute IWAR Material Flow Management and Resource Economy Germany; K. Sakaguchi-Soeder, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt / Institute IWAR Chair of Material Flow Management and Resource Economy Germany. Determination of sorption capacity of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) on microplastics (MPs) is essential to study ecological effect of POPs-loaded MPs in the aqueous environment. However, due to high octanol-water partition coefficients (K ow ) as well as low water solubility, determination of sorption capacity of POPs on MPs in the laboratory is challenging. Here we present two methods to determine plastic-water partition coefficient of three polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on low-density polyethylene (LDPE): conventional spiking method and cellulose dialysis tubing method in batch test in the laboratory. PAHs selected for this test were naphthalene (log K ow = 3.3 ), phenanthrene (log K ow = 4.46 ) and fluoranthene (log K ow = 5.16 ). The plastic samples tested here are LDPE pellets with a low amount of additives. LDPE pellets were previously characterised by CARAT GmbH (Bocholt, Germany). For the spiking method, batch reactors containing given amount of LDPE and MilliQ water were prepared. A high concentration of single PAHs in ethanol solution was injected into each batch reactor until the PAH concentration became stable. PAH concentration in the batch was controlled using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). For the dialysis tubing method, on the other hand, a closed dialysis tubing (permeability of 12,000-14,000 Dalton) containing a given amount of LDPE and MilliQ water was placed in each batch reactor filled with MilliQ water with single PAHs far above solubility. The water concentration outside of the tubing was expected to stay constant (= water solubility) during the entire experiment. The PAH concentration in the dialysis tubing was controlled using HPLC until the PAH concentration became stable. All batch reactors were placed on a horizontal shaker. When the adsorption of PAHs is completed, PAHs on LDPE are to be extracted and quantified using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Sorption capacity of each PAH was derived from the experiments and methods were compared. PE-water partition coefficient of these PAHs were derived based on the sorption capacity using adsorption models. TU Darmstadt and CARAT are participants of an EU project „PLASTOX“, a consortium of a JPI Ocean’s Joint Action.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Erschienen: 2018
Creators: Gottschling, Michael and Zhou, Y. and Schwabe, I. and Sakaguchi-Söder, Kaori and van Oyen, A. and Schebek, Liselotte
Title: Comparison of spiking and dialysis tubing methods for the determination of sorption capacity and plastic-water partition coefficient of three different polycyclic hydrocarbons on microsplastic
Language: English
Abstract:

TH029 Comparison of spiking and dialysis tubing methods for the determination of sorption capacity and plastic-water partition coefficient of three different polycyclic hydrocarbons on microplastics M. Gottschling, Y. Zhou, I. Schwabe, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt / Institute IWAR Chair of Material Flow Management and Resource Economy Germany; A. van Oyen, Plastic Partner GmbH; L. Schebek, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt / Institute IWAR Material Flow Management and Resource Economy Germany; K. Sakaguchi-Soeder, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt / Institute IWAR Chair of Material Flow Management and Resource Economy Germany. Determination of sorption capacity of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) on microplastics (MPs) is essential to study ecological effect of POPs-loaded MPs in the aqueous environment. However, due to high octanol-water partition coefficients (K ow ) as well as low water solubility, determination of sorption capacity of POPs on MPs in the laboratory is challenging. Here we present two methods to determine plastic-water partition coefficient of three polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on low-density polyethylene (LDPE): conventional spiking method and cellulose dialysis tubing method in batch test in the laboratory. PAHs selected for this test were naphthalene (log K ow = 3.3 ), phenanthrene (log K ow = 4.46 ) and fluoranthene (log K ow = 5.16 ). The plastic samples tested here are LDPE pellets with a low amount of additives. LDPE pellets were previously characterised by CARAT GmbH (Bocholt, Germany). For the spiking method, batch reactors containing given amount of LDPE and MilliQ water were prepared. A high concentration of single PAHs in ethanol solution was injected into each batch reactor until the PAH concentration became stable. PAH concentration in the batch was controlled using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). For the dialysis tubing method, on the other hand, a closed dialysis tubing (permeability of 12,000-14,000 Dalton) containing a given amount of LDPE and MilliQ water was placed in each batch reactor filled with MilliQ water with single PAHs far above solubility. The water concentration outside of the tubing was expected to stay constant (= water solubility) during the entire experiment. The PAH concentration in the dialysis tubing was controlled using HPLC until the PAH concentration became stable. All batch reactors were placed on a horizontal shaker. When the adsorption of PAHs is completed, PAHs on LDPE are to be extracted and quantified using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Sorption capacity of each PAH was derived from the experiments and methods were compared. PE-water partition coefficient of these PAHs were derived based on the sorption capacity using adsorption models. TU Darmstadt and CARAT are participants of an EU project „PLASTOX“, a consortium of a JPI Ocean’s Joint Action.

Place of Publication: Rom
Divisions: 13 Fachbereich Bau- und Umweltingenieurwissenschaften
13 Fachbereich Bau- und Umweltingenieurwissenschaften > Institute IWAR
13 Fachbereich Bau- und Umweltingenieurwissenschaften > Institute IWAR > Material Flow Management and Resource Economy
Event Title: SETAC
Event Location: Rom
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2018 09:12
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