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Climate and vegetation dynamics during the Eocene greenhouse of Central Europe: Palynological investigation of lacustrine sediments from Lake „Prinz von Hessen“ (Southwest Germany)

Moshayedi, M. and Lenz, O. K. and Wilde, V. and Hinderer, Matthias (2018):
Climate and vegetation dynamics during the Eocene greenhouse of Central Europe: Palynological investigation of lacustrine sediments from Lake „Prinz von Hessen“ (Southwest Germany).
In: 10th European Palaeobotany & Palynology Conference, Dublin, 12.08.-17.08.2018, [Conference or Workshop Item]

Abstract

Lacustrine sediments of a small pull-apart basin at Grube Prinz von Hessen, 5 km NE of Darmstadt (Southwest Germany), have been analyzed palynologically in order to reveal long- and short-term interaction of climate and environment across the last natural greenhouse system in Central Europe. The lacustrine succession includes 34 m of clastic sediments which are overlain by 54 m of finely laminated bituminous claystone and lignite. In a first step the complete section has been covered by samples in 2 m intervals. Based on palynological index fossils it can now be proven that the lake basin must have persisted for some millions of years from the latest Early Eocene into the Middle to Late Eocene. Statistical analyses of the diverse and well-preserved palynoflora reveal 5 distinct associations throughout the sedimentary record. There is a strong correlation between major changes in vegetation and lithology which was controlled by factors such as tectonics and climate. In a second high resolution study palynological data from a c. 13 m thick part of the succession which is characterized by a regular alternation of lignite layers and mudstones have been analysed. The results show a correlation to lake level fluctuations including short time establishment of an open lake. Nevertheless, since no rooting structures have been observed below the lignites and some of them show erosional structures at their base, an allochthonous origin for the organic material in the lignite layers is suggested. It has been redeposited from material which was eroded around the lake, probably due to tectonic activity. Therefore, an orbital control of lake level fluctuations responsible for the regular occurrence of lignites cannot be proven. Nevertheless, cyclic abundance fluctuations of palynomorphs indicate an orbital influence and therefore a climate control on vegetation changes independently of lake level fluctuations.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Erschienen: 2018
Creators: Moshayedi, M. and Lenz, O. K. and Wilde, V. and Hinderer, Matthias
Title: Climate and vegetation dynamics during the Eocene greenhouse of Central Europe: Palynological investigation of lacustrine sediments from Lake „Prinz von Hessen“ (Southwest Germany)
Language: English
Abstract:

Lacustrine sediments of a small pull-apart basin at Grube Prinz von Hessen, 5 km NE of Darmstadt (Southwest Germany), have been analyzed palynologically in order to reveal long- and short-term interaction of climate and environment across the last natural greenhouse system in Central Europe. The lacustrine succession includes 34 m of clastic sediments which are overlain by 54 m of finely laminated bituminous claystone and lignite. In a first step the complete section has been covered by samples in 2 m intervals. Based on palynological index fossils it can now be proven that the lake basin must have persisted for some millions of years from the latest Early Eocene into the Middle to Late Eocene. Statistical analyses of the diverse and well-preserved palynoflora reveal 5 distinct associations throughout the sedimentary record. There is a strong correlation between major changes in vegetation and lithology which was controlled by factors such as tectonics and climate. In a second high resolution study palynological data from a c. 13 m thick part of the succession which is characterized by a regular alternation of lignite layers and mudstones have been analysed. The results show a correlation to lake level fluctuations including short time establishment of an open lake. Nevertheless, since no rooting structures have been observed below the lignites and some of them show erosional structures at their base, an allochthonous origin for the organic material in the lignite layers is suggested. It has been redeposited from material which was eroded around the lake, probably due to tectonic activity. Therefore, an orbital control of lake level fluctuations responsible for the regular occurrence of lignites cannot be proven. Nevertheless, cyclic abundance fluctuations of palynomorphs indicate an orbital influence and therefore a climate control on vegetation changes independently of lake level fluctuations.

Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science > Applied Sedimentary Geology
Event Title: 10th European Palaeobotany & Palynology Conference
Event Location: Dublin
Event Dates: 12.08.-17.08.2018
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2018 08:11
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