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Failure mechanisms of a hydrogenated amorphous carbon coating in load-scanning tests

Hetzner, H. and Schaufler, J. and Tremmel, S. and Durst, Karsten and Wartzack, S. (2012):
Failure mechanisms of a hydrogenated amorphous carbon coating in load-scanning tests.
In: Surface and Coatings Technology, Elsevier Science Publishing Company, pp. 4864-4871, 206, ISSN 02578972, DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2012.05.077, [Article]

Abstract

A diamond-like carbon (DLC) coating with a top layer of pure hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H) and an interlayer of tungsten-modified hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H:W) was deposited onto polished cylindrical specimens of a hardened and tempered cold work tool steel. On a load-scanning test rig, tribological– mechanical tests under dry conditions with DLC coated specimens sliding against identical, but uncoated specimens were performed. Additionally, comparative tests with DLC sliding against DLC and tool steel sliding against tool steel were carried out. During each test cycle, the normal load was gradually increased from 13 to 350 N, corresponding to a Hertzian contact pressure of 1.0 to 3.0 GPa. The coefficient of friction was monitored as a function of the normal load, with a significant increase in friction indicating failure of the coating. The tests were repeated and stopped at different total numbers of load cycles. After the tests, a FIB-assisted microscopical analysis in terms of wear and damage of the DLC coating was performed, revealing the (subsurface) failure mechanisms. For DLC sliding against steel, the coating fails within only few load cycles; first tribologically and after that mechanically. Failure is initiated by adherence and subsequent transfer of steel of the counter body. Below adhered steel flakes, tensile cracks form in the a-C:H top layer, with sharp crack edges removing even more steel from the counter body. In following load cycles, coating fragments are being pulled out at these spots, representing the final failure mode. In contrast, for DLC sliding against DLC, no coating failure and also no significant wear are observed, even after a considerably higher number of load cycles.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2012
Creators: Hetzner, H. and Schaufler, J. and Tremmel, S. and Durst, Karsten and Wartzack, S.
Title: Failure mechanisms of a hydrogenated amorphous carbon coating in load-scanning tests
Language: English
Abstract:

A diamond-like carbon (DLC) coating with a top layer of pure hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H) and an interlayer of tungsten-modified hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H:W) was deposited onto polished cylindrical specimens of a hardened and tempered cold work tool steel. On a load-scanning test rig, tribological– mechanical tests under dry conditions with DLC coated specimens sliding against identical, but uncoated specimens were performed. Additionally, comparative tests with DLC sliding against DLC and tool steel sliding against tool steel were carried out. During each test cycle, the normal load was gradually increased from 13 to 350 N, corresponding to a Hertzian contact pressure of 1.0 to 3.0 GPa. The coefficient of friction was monitored as a function of the normal load, with a significant increase in friction indicating failure of the coating. The tests were repeated and stopped at different total numbers of load cycles. After the tests, a FIB-assisted microscopical analysis in terms of wear and damage of the DLC coating was performed, revealing the (subsurface) failure mechanisms. For DLC sliding against steel, the coating fails within only few load cycles; first tribologically and after that mechanically. Failure is initiated by adherence and subsequent transfer of steel of the counter body. Below adhered steel flakes, tensile cracks form in the a-C:H top layer, with sharp crack edges removing even more steel from the counter body. In following load cycles, coating fragments are being pulled out at these spots, representing the final failure mode. In contrast, for DLC sliding against DLC, no coating failure and also no significant wear are observed, even after a considerably higher number of load cycles.

Journal or Publication Title: Surface and Coatings Technology
Volume: 206
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishing Company
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Physical Metallurgy
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2018 11:42
DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2012.05.077
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