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The Iceman’s Last Meal Consisted of Fat, Wild Meat, and Cereals

Maixner, Frank and Turaev, Dmitrij and Cazenave-Gassiot, Amaury and Janko, Marek and Krause-Kyora, Ben and Hoopmann, Michael R. and Kusebauch, Ulrike and Sartain, Mark and Guerriero, Gea and O’Sullivan, Niall and Teasdale, Matthew and Cipollini, Giovanna and Paladin, Alice and Mattiangeli, Valeria and Samadelli, Marco and Tecchiati, Umberto and Putzer, Andreas and Palazoglu, Mine and Meissen, John and Lösch, Sandra and Rausch, Philipp and Baines, John F. and Kim, Bum Jin and An, Hyun-Joo and Gostner, Paul and Egarter-Vigl, Eduard and Malfertheiner, Peter and Keller, Andreas and Stark, Robert W. and Wenk, Markus and Bishop, David and Bradley, Daniel G. and Fiehn, Oliver and Engstrand, Lars and Moritz, Robert L. and Doble, Philip and Franke, Andre and Nebel, Almut and Oeggl, Klaus and Rattei, Thomas and Grimm, Rudolf and Zink, Albert (2018):
The Iceman’s Last Meal Consisted of Fat, Wild Meat, and Cereals.
In: Current Biology, Elsevier Science Publishing, pp. 2348-2355.e9, 28, (14), ISSN 09609822,
DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2018.05.067,
[Online-Edition: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.05.067],
[Article]

Abstract

The history of humankind is marked by the constant adoption of new dietary habits affecting human physiology, metabolism, and even the development of nutrition-related disorders. Despite clear archaeological evidence for the shift from hunter-gatherer lifestyle to agriculture in Neolithic Europe [1], very little information exists on the daily dietary habits of our ancestors. By undertaking a complementary -omics approach combined with microscopy, we analyzed the stomach content of the Iceman, a 5,300-year-old European glacier mummy [2, 3]. He seems to have had a remarkably high proportion of fat in his diet, supplemented with fresh or dried wild meat, cereals, and traces of toxic bracken. Our multipronged approach provides unprecedented analytical depth, deciphering the nutritional habit, meal composition, and food-processing methods of this Copper Age individual.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2018
Creators: Maixner, Frank and Turaev, Dmitrij and Cazenave-Gassiot, Amaury and Janko, Marek and Krause-Kyora, Ben and Hoopmann, Michael R. and Kusebauch, Ulrike and Sartain, Mark and Guerriero, Gea and O’Sullivan, Niall and Teasdale, Matthew and Cipollini, Giovanna and Paladin, Alice and Mattiangeli, Valeria and Samadelli, Marco and Tecchiati, Umberto and Putzer, Andreas and Palazoglu, Mine and Meissen, John and Lösch, Sandra and Rausch, Philipp and Baines, John F. and Kim, Bum Jin and An, Hyun-Joo and Gostner, Paul and Egarter-Vigl, Eduard and Malfertheiner, Peter and Keller, Andreas and Stark, Robert W. and Wenk, Markus and Bishop, David and Bradley, Daniel G. and Fiehn, Oliver and Engstrand, Lars and Moritz, Robert L. and Doble, Philip and Franke, Andre and Nebel, Almut and Oeggl, Klaus and Rattei, Thomas and Grimm, Rudolf and Zink, Albert
Title: The Iceman’s Last Meal Consisted of Fat, Wild Meat, and Cereals
Language: English
Abstract:

The history of humankind is marked by the constant adoption of new dietary habits affecting human physiology, metabolism, and even the development of nutrition-related disorders. Despite clear archaeological evidence for the shift from hunter-gatherer lifestyle to agriculture in Neolithic Europe [1], very little information exists on the daily dietary habits of our ancestors. By undertaking a complementary -omics approach combined with microscopy, we analyzed the stomach content of the Iceman, a 5,300-year-old European glacier mummy [2, 3]. He seems to have had a remarkably high proportion of fat in his diet, supplemented with fresh or dried wild meat, cereals, and traces of toxic bracken. Our multipronged approach provides unprecedented analytical depth, deciphering the nutritional habit, meal composition, and food-processing methods of this Copper Age individual.

Journal or Publication Title: Current Biology
Volume: 28
Number: 14
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishing
Uncontrolled Keywords: Iceman, stomach content, European Copper Age mummy, diet, last meal, multi-omics study, ancient DNA, lipidomics, proteomics, microscopy
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Physics of Surfaces
Exzellenzinitiative
Exzellenzinitiative > Clusters of Excellence
Exzellenzinitiative > Clusters of Excellence > Center of Smart Interfaces (CSI)
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2018 08:15
DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2018.05.067
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.05.067
Funders: We acknowledge the following funding sources:, Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano, grant legge 14 agreement n. 1/40.3, 23.11.2012 (F.M., N.O., G.C., A. Paladin, M. Samadelli, A.Z.),, the DFG Graduate School Human Development in Landscapes at Kiel University (B.K.-K., A.N.),, and the DFG Excellence Cluster Inflammation at Interfaces at Kiel University (B.K.-K., J.F.B., A.F., A.N.)., M.T. and V.M. were supported by European Research Council Investigator Grant 295729-CodeX to D.G.B. The National Institutes of Health from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences under Grant Nos. R01 GM087221 (R.L.M.), S10 RR027584 (R.L.M.), and the 2P50 GM076547/Center for Systems Biology (R.L.M.)., The authors thank the Department of Innovation, Research and University of the Autonomous Province of Bozen/Bolzano for covering the open access publications costs.
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