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The Iceman’s Last Meal Consisted of Fat, Wild Meat, and Cereals

Maixner, Frank ; Turaev, Dmitrij ; Cazenave-Gassiot, Amaury ; Janko, Marek ; Krause-Kyora, Ben ; Hoopmann, Michael R. ; Kusebauch, Ulrike ; Sartain, Mark ; Guerriero, Gea ; O’Sullivan, Niall ; Teasdale, Matthew ; Cipollini, Giovanna ; Paladin, Alice ; Mattiangeli, Valeria ; Samadelli, Marco ; Tecchiati, Umberto ; Putzer, Andreas ; Palazoglu, Mine ; Meissen, John ; Lösch, Sandra ; Rausch, Philipp ; Baines, John F. ; Kim, Bum Jin ; An, Hyun-Joo ; Gostner, Paul ; Egarter-Vigl, Eduard ; Malfertheiner, Peter ; Keller, Andreas ; Stark, Robert W. ; Wenk, Markus ; Bishop, David ; Bradley, Daniel G. ; Fiehn, Oliver ; Engstrand, Lars ; Moritz, Robert L. ; Doble, Philip ; Franke, Andre ; Nebel, Almut ; Oeggl, Klaus ; Rattei, Thomas ; Grimm, Rudolf ; Zink, Albert :
The Iceman’s Last Meal Consisted of Fat, Wild Meat, and Cereals.
[Online-Edition: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.05.067]
In: Current Biology, 28 (14) 2348-2355.e9. ISSN 09609822
[Artikel] , (2018) (Im Druck)

Offizielle URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.05.067

Kurzbeschreibung (Abstract)

The history of humankind is marked by the constant adoption of new dietary habits affecting human physiology, metabolism, and even the development of nutrition-related disorders. Despite clear archaeological evidence for the shift from hunter-gatherer lifestyle to agriculture in Neolithic Europe [1], very little information exists on the daily dietary habits of our ancestors. By undertaking a complementary -omics approach combined with microscopy, we analyzed the stomach content of the Iceman, a 5,300-year-old European glacier mummy [2, 3]. He seems to have had a remarkably high proportion of fat in his diet, supplemented with fresh or dried wild meat, cereals, and traces of toxic bracken. Our multipronged approach provides unprecedented analytical depth, deciphering the nutritional habit, meal composition, and food-processing methods of this Copper Age individual.

Typ des Eintrags: Artikel
Erschienen: 2018
Autor(en): Maixner, Frank ; Turaev, Dmitrij ; Cazenave-Gassiot, Amaury ; Janko, Marek ; Krause-Kyora, Ben ; Hoopmann, Michael R. ; Kusebauch, Ulrike ; Sartain, Mark ; Guerriero, Gea ; O’Sullivan, Niall ; Teasdale, Matthew ; Cipollini, Giovanna ; Paladin, Alice ; Mattiangeli, Valeria ; Samadelli, Marco ; Tecchiati, Umberto ; Putzer, Andreas ; Palazoglu, Mine ; Meissen, John ; Lösch, Sandra ; Rausch, Philipp ; Baines, John F. ; Kim, Bum Jin ; An, Hyun-Joo ; Gostner, Paul ; Egarter-Vigl, Eduard ; Malfertheiner, Peter ; Keller, Andreas ; Stark, Robert W. ; Wenk, Markus ; Bishop, David ; Bradley, Daniel G. ; Fiehn, Oliver ; Engstrand, Lars ; Moritz, Robert L. ; Doble, Philip ; Franke, Andre ; Nebel, Almut ; Oeggl, Klaus ; Rattei, Thomas ; Grimm, Rudolf ; Zink, Albert
Titel: The Iceman’s Last Meal Consisted of Fat, Wild Meat, and Cereals
Sprache: Englisch
Kurzbeschreibung (Abstract):

The history of humankind is marked by the constant adoption of new dietary habits affecting human physiology, metabolism, and even the development of nutrition-related disorders. Despite clear archaeological evidence for the shift from hunter-gatherer lifestyle to agriculture in Neolithic Europe [1], very little information exists on the daily dietary habits of our ancestors. By undertaking a complementary -omics approach combined with microscopy, we analyzed the stomach content of the Iceman, a 5,300-year-old European glacier mummy [2, 3]. He seems to have had a remarkably high proportion of fat in his diet, supplemented with fresh or dried wild meat, cereals, and traces of toxic bracken. Our multipronged approach provides unprecedented analytical depth, deciphering the nutritional habit, meal composition, and food-processing methods of this Copper Age individual.

Titel der Zeitschrift, Zeitung oder Schriftenreihe: Current Biology
Band: 28
(Heft-)Nummer: 14
Verlag: Elsevier Science Publishing
Freie Schlagworte: Iceman, stomach content, European Copper Age mummy, diet, last meal, multi-omics study, ancient DNA, lipidomics, proteomics, microscopy
Fachbereich(e)/-gebiet(e): 11 Fachbereich Material- und Geowissenschaften
11 Fachbereich Material- und Geowissenschaften > Materialwissenschaft
11 Fachbereich Material- und Geowissenschaften > Materialwissenschaft > Fachgebiet Physics of Surfaces
Exzellenzinitiative
Exzellenzinitiative > Exzellenzcluster
Exzellenzinitiative > Exzellenzcluster > Center of Smart Interfaces (CSI)
Hinterlegungsdatum: 19 Jul 2018 08:15
DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2018.05.067
Offizielle URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.05.067
Sponsoren: We acknowledge the following funding sources:, Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano, grant legge 14 agreement n. 1/40.3, 23.11.2012 (F.M., N.O., G.C., A. Paladin, M. Samadelli, A.Z.),, the DFG Graduate School Human Development in Landscapes at Kiel University (B.K.-K., A.N.),, and the DFG Excellence Cluster Inflammation at Interfaces at Kiel University (B.K.-K., J.F.B., A.F., A.N.)., M.T. and V.M. were supported by European Research Council Investigator Grant 295729-CodeX to D.G.B. The National Institutes of Health from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences under Grant Nos. R01 GM087221 (R.L.M.), S10 RR027584 (R.L.M.), and the 2P50 GM076547/Center for Systems Biology (R.L.M.)., The authors thank the Department of Innovation, Research and University of the Autonomous Province of Bozen/Bolzano for covering the open access publications costs.
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