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Lithium Ion Recognition with Nanofluidic Diodes through Host–Guest Complexation in Confined Geometries

Ali, Mubarak and Ahmed, Ishtiaq and Ramirez, Patricio and Nasir, Saima and Mafe, Salvador and Niemeyer, Christof M. and Ensinger, Wolfgang :
Lithium Ion Recognition with Nanofluidic Diodes through Host–Guest Complexation in Confined Geometries.
[Online-Edition: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.8b00902]
In: Analytical Chemistry, 90 (11) pp. 6820-6826. ISSN 0003-2700
[Article] , (2018)

Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.8b00902

Abstract

The lithium ion recognition is receiving significant attention because of its application in pharmaceuticals, lubricants and, especially, in energy technology. We present a nanofluidic device for specific lithium ion recognition via host–guest complexation in a confined environment. A lithium-selective receptor molecule, the aminoethyl-benzo-12-crown-4 (BC12C4–NH2), is designed and functionalized on single conical nanopores in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) membranes. The native carboxylic acid groups on the pore walls are covalently linked with the crown ether moieties and the process is monitored from the changes in the current–voltage (I–V) curves. The B12-crown-4 moieties are known to specifically bind with lithium ions and when the modified pore is exposed to different alkali metal chloride solutions separately, significant changes in the ion current and rectification are only observed for lithium chloride. This fact suggests the generation of positively charged B12C4–Li+ complexes on the pore surface. Furthermore, the nanofluidic diode is able to recognize the lithium ion even in the presence of high concentrations of potassium ions in the external electrolyte solution. Thus, this nanodevice suggests a strategy to miniaturize nanofluidic porous systems for efficient recognition, extraction, and separation of lithium from raw materials.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2018
Creators: Ali, Mubarak and Ahmed, Ishtiaq and Ramirez, Patricio and Nasir, Saima and Mafe, Salvador and Niemeyer, Christof M. and Ensinger, Wolfgang
Title: Lithium Ion Recognition with Nanofluidic Diodes through Host–Guest Complexation in Confined Geometries
Language: English
Abstract:

The lithium ion recognition is receiving significant attention because of its application in pharmaceuticals, lubricants and, especially, in energy technology. We present a nanofluidic device for specific lithium ion recognition via host–guest complexation in a confined environment. A lithium-selective receptor molecule, the aminoethyl-benzo-12-crown-4 (BC12C4–NH2), is designed and functionalized on single conical nanopores in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) membranes. The native carboxylic acid groups on the pore walls are covalently linked with the crown ether moieties and the process is monitored from the changes in the current–voltage (I–V) curves. The B12-crown-4 moieties are known to specifically bind with lithium ions and when the modified pore is exposed to different alkali metal chloride solutions separately, significant changes in the ion current and rectification are only observed for lithium chloride. This fact suggests the generation of positively charged B12C4–Li+ complexes on the pore surface. Furthermore, the nanofluidic diode is able to recognize the lithium ion even in the presence of high concentrations of potassium ions in the external electrolyte solution. Thus, this nanodevice suggests a strategy to miniaturize nanofluidic porous systems for efficient recognition, extraction, and separation of lithium from raw materials.

Journal or Publication Title: Analytical Chemistry
Volume: 90
Number: 11
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Material Analytics
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2018 11:50
DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.8b00902
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.8b00902
Funders: M.A., S.N., and W.E. acknowledge the funding from the Hessen State Ministry of Higher Education, Research and the Arts, Germany, under the LOEWE Project iNAPO., P.R. and S.M. acknowledge financial support by the Spanish Ministry of Economic Affairs and Competitiveness (Grant MAT2015-65011-P) and FEDER., I.A. and C.M.N. acknowledge financial support through the Helmholtz Programme BioInterfaces in Technology and Medicine.
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